Designing typeahead search or autocomplete

12732 2019-10-10 18:33

Requirements

  • realtime / low-latency typeahead and autocomplete service for social networks, like Linkedin or Facebook
  • search social profiles with prefixes
  • newly added account appear instantly in the scope of the search
  • not for “query autocomplete” (like the Google search-box dropdown), but for displaying actual search results, including
    • generic typeahead: network-agnostic results from a global ranking scheme like popularity.
    • network typeahead: results from user’s 1st and 2nd-degree network connections, and People You May Know scores.

Linkedin Search

Architecture

Multi-layer architecture

  • browser cache
  • web tier
  • result aggregator
  • various typeahead backend

Cleo Architecture

Result Aggregator

The abstraction of this problem is to find documents by prefixes and terms in a very large number of elements. The solution leverages these four major data structures:

  1. InvertedIndex<prefixes or terms, documents>: given any prefix, find all the document ids that contain the prefix.
  2. for each document, prepare a BloomFilter<prefixes or terms>: with user typing more, we can quickly filter out documents that do not contain the latest prefixes or terms, by check with their bloom filters.
  3. ForwardIndex<documents, prefixes or terms>: previous bloom filter may return false positives, and now we query the actual documents to reject them.
  4. scorer(document):relevance: Each partition return all of its true hits and scores. And then we aggregate and rank.

Performance

  • generic typeahead: latency <= 1 ms within a cluster
  • network typeahead (very-large dataset over 1st and 2nd degree network): latency <= 15 ms
  • aggregator: latency <= 25 ms

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